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Most commonly used neopronoun flag

In linguistics and grammar, pronouns are words that substitutes a noun or a noun phrase. Pronouns are regarded as one of the parts of speech. Subtypes include personal and possessive pronouns, reflexive and reciprocal pronouns, demonstrative pronouns, relative and interrogative pronouns, and indefinite pronouns.

First person pronouns include "I, me, my, myself, mine, we, us, our, ours, ourselves." Second-person pronouns include "you, your, yours, yourself and yourselves." Third person pronouns are where it is a little more tricky in the context of English grammar, as third person singular pronouns in English are traditionally gendered, which may not be ideal for some non-binary people.

However, with the inclusion of the singular they and neopronouns, non-binary people can refer to themselves with a gender-neutral pronoun. Common examples of third person pronouns are she/her/hers, he/him/his, they/them/theirs, and it/it/its.

Although some pronouns are traditionally associated with certain genders, such as she/her/hers/herself with women and he/him/his/himself with men, anyone of any gender identity can use any pronouns.

Transgender people often change pronouns along with names and titles as part of their transition. Using the wrong pronouns, intentionally or by accident, is a form of misgendering.

Though most people will choose a single pronoun set to go by, some people choose to go by multiple pronoun sets.

Some examples of pronoun sets used by English speakers to refer to individuals are:[1][2]

Pronouns Chart
Person Number/Gender Subject Object Possessive determiner Possessive pronoun Reflexive


Singular I me my mine myself
Plural we us our ours ourselves


Singular (modern) you you your yours yourself
Singular (archaic informal) thou thee thy, thine thine thyself
Plural (modern) you, you all, y'all you, you all, y'all your yours yourselves
Singular/Plural (archaic formal) ye you your yours yourself, yourselves


Singular masculine he him his his himself
Singular feminine she her her hers herself
Singular (typically for objects and non-persons, but some people use it) it it its its itself
Singular gender-neutral (for people) or plural gender-neutral they them their theirs themself, themselves
Singular indefinite one one one's one's oneself
Neopronouns (singular gender-neutral) ae aer aer aer aerself
co cos cos, co's cos, co's coself
e em eir eirs emself
ey em eir eirs eirself
fae faer faer faer faerself
fey fem feir feirs femself
hu hum hus hus humself
hy hym hys hys hymself
kie kir kir kirs kirself
mer mer mer mers merself
ne nem nir nirs nemself
ne nir nir nirs nyself
nee ner ner ners nerself
peh pehm pehs pehs pehself
per per per pers perself
sie hir hir hirs hirself
te tir tes tes tirself
tey tem ter ters temself
thon thon thons thons thonself
ve ver vis vis verself
xe xem xyr xyrs xemself
ze zir zir zirs zirself
ze zem zer zers zerself

Traditional pronouns[]

To show the usage of pronouns, here is a list of ways to use them with this sentence. "[Subject pronoun] looked at [reflexive pronoun] in the mirror, and [possessive pronoun] reflection smiled back at [object pronoun].

First person[]

First-person pronouns are pronouns that the speaker or writer uses to refer to themself or to themself and another person.

  • I/me/my/myself: First person singular.
    • I looked at myself in the mirror, and my reflection smiled back at me.
  • We/us/our/ourselves: First person plural. Includes the speaker and someone else.
    • We looked at ourselves in the mirror, and our reflection smiled back at us.

Second person[]

Second-person pronouns are pronouns that the speaker or writer uses to refer to the person or people they are talking to.

  • You/you/your/yourself: Second person singular.
    • You looked at yourself in the mirror, and your reflection smiled back at you.
  • You (all)/you/your/yourselves: Second person plural.
    • You (all) looked at yourselves in the mirror, and your reflection smiled back at you.

Archaic second person pronouns[]

  • Thou/thee/thy/thine/thyself: Archaic second person singular and/or informal.
    • Thou looked at thyself in the mirror and thy reflection smiled back at thee.
  • Ye/you/your/yourselves or yourself: Archaic second person plural and/or formal.
    • Ye looked at yourself/yourselves in the mirror, and your reflection smiled back at you.

Third person[]

Third-person pronouns are pronouns that the speaker or writer uses to refer to a person, people, group(s), animal(s), or object(s) they are talking about.

  • She/her/hers/herself. This pronoun is traditionally feminine and used to refer to females and people who identify as women.
    • She looked at herself in the mirror, and her reflection smiled back at her.
  • He/him/his/himself. This pronoun is traditionally masculine and used to refer to males and people who identify as men.
    • He looked at himself in the mirror, and his reflection smiled back at him.
  • They/them/theirs/themself. "Singular they."
    • They looked at themself in the mirror, and their reflection smiled back at them.
  • They/them/theirs/themselves. "Plural they."
    • They looked at themselves in the mirror, and their reflection smiled back at them.
  • It/its/itself. Traditionally used for inanimate objects, certain animals, or as placeholder subject in sentences with no identifiable actor. Some people use it/its/itself pronouns, however it's important to err on the side of caution. Using it/its pronouns to a person who does not claim them is considered dehumanizing as it implies that the person isn't human.
    • It looked at itself in the mirror, and its reflection smiled back at it.

Indefinite; the "fourth-person"[]

The term "fourth person" is sometimes used for the category of indefinite or generic referents, which work like one in English phrases such as "one should be prepared" or people in "people say that..." or they such as "they say that..." when the grammar treats them differently from ordinary third-person forms.

One/one/one's/oneself. Indefinite.

  • One looked at oneself in the mirror, and one's reflection smiled back at one.


Neopronouns are any set of nontraditional single third person pronouns that are created with the intent of being a gender neutral pronoun set. These pronouns are, for the most part, not officially recognized in the language.

  • Ey/em/eirs/eirself. Elverson.
    • Ey looked at eirself in the mirror, and eir reflection smiled back at em.
  • E/Em/Eirs/emself. Spivak.
    • E looked at Emself in the mirror, and Eir reflection smiled back at Em.
  • Xe/xem/xyrs/xemself.
    • Xe looked at xemself in the mirror, and xyr reflection smiled back at xem.
  • Sie/hir/hirs/hirself.
    • Sie looked at hirself in the mirror, and hir reflection smiled back at hir.
  • Ve/ver/vis/verself.
    • Ve looked at verself in the mirror, and vis reflection smiled back at ver.
  • Ze/zir/zirs/zirself.
    • Ze looked at zirself in the mirror, and zir reflection smiled back at zir.
  • Ne/nem/nirs/nemself.
    • Ne looked at nemself in the mirror, and nir reflection smiled back at nem.
  • Ze/zer/zers/zemself.
    • Ze looked at zemself in the mirror, and zer reflection smiled back at zem.
  • Fae/faer/faers/faerself.
    • Fae looked at faerself in the mirror, and faer reflection smiled back at faer.
  • Per/per/pers/perself.
    • Per looked at perself in the mirror, and per reflection smiled back at per.


  1. Neopronoun list. Retrieved 2022 February 17.
  2. Thou and ye. Retrieved 2022 February 17.